| Driving, Lifting, and Placing
you climb onto the forklift, use the three-point technique. Make three
points of contact with the forklift. Grab a secure part of the lift with
each hand, and put one foot securely on the forklift.
precautions will increase your safety and the safety of those around
smooth indoor surfaces, keep your forks as low as possible Ė only
three of four inches off the floor.
give anyone a ride on the forklift, and donít do any stunt driving
all your limbs inside the forklift. When driving in reverse, donít
wrap your hand around any outside guards Ė if the lift runs into
something, your hand will be crushed.
fasten your seat belt. If the truck has a safety belt, youíre
required to wear it.
exceed the speed limit in your work area.
loose objects, bumps, or depressions in the floor. Collisions could
cause you to lose control of the steering, bring the forklift to a
sudden stop, or tip the forklift.
wet, oily, or icy surfaces. Clean up fluids as soon as possible.
work area has convex mirrors at corners and blind spots, use them.
your horn at corners and blind spots and then proceed slowly.
approach a person head-on, especially a person standing in front of
a fixed object like a wall or rack. If you canít stop the forklift,
or it lurches forward, the worker will be crushed. Instead, approach
parallel to the person.
let anyone walk or stand under the elevated forks.
least three forklift lengths away from forklifts ahead of you.
pass a forklift traveling in the same direction if youíre at a blind
spot, an intersection, or any other dangerous spots. Avoid passing
at all if you can.
off of a forklift. If the forklift is tipping over, do not attempt to
jump off, because you could be pinned under the lift.
forklift is tipping over, protect yourself by staying put:
your seat and do not attempt to jump off.
away from the falling direction of the lift.
onto the steering wheel and make sure youíre stable.
want to lean toward your fall. You should hold onto the steering wheel,
make sure youíre stable and lean away from your falling direction.
pick up a load, make sure the load does not exceed the capacity of the
forklift. The identification plate tells you three things:
maximum load thatís safe to life.
maximum height for lifting.
the load center is in front of the forks.
you know exactly what you will be lifting:
a big difference between a light load and a heavy, off-center load.
load is unstable, restack it or attach the load securely to the
pallet with banding or stretch wrapping.
youíll be handing a load with an unusual shape, know where and how
youíll safely stack the load before you lift it.
these precautions when lifting a load:
youíre going to raise the load, check for overhead obstructions.
Look for lights, pipes, or sprinkler systems.
the forks under the load so the weight is evenly distributed.
the forks to the floor and slowly position them under the load.
forward until the load is resting against the backrest.
the load against the backrest. If the load is unstable, lift the
load slightly first, then carefully tilt it back so that the load
stays tight against the backrest. If itís a stable load and secure
on the pallet, tilt first, then lift.
the load is lifted, lower it to a safe traveling height. Keep the
forks two to four inches off the floor if driving on a smooth
these precautions when traveling with a load:
your forks at the lowest safe height. Raise them slightly if you
come to bumps or seams in the floor. On a smooth, indoor floor, keep
the forks about two to four inches off the floor.
raise or lower the forks while driving. This causes the center of
gravity to shift unpredictably.
Pedestrians always have the right of way. Look out for them. Always
look in the direction of travel. Travel in reverse if you load
blocks your vision.
load is so tall that you canít see over it, try to split the load
and carry it on two separate pallets, on two separate trips.
canít split a tall load, either drive in reverse or use a spotter.
Make sure you understand the hand signals the spotter will use.
ramps and inclines, keep the load on the uphill side of the
forklift. Try to travel straight up and down grades, ramps, and
inclines. The forklift could tip if you turn on a slope.
placing a load, check the destination. Is it flat and stable? Will the
load tilt or lean? Follow these guidelines when placing a load:
place heavy loads on top of light loads.
you're placing loads onto a rack or storage loft, be sure the
structure can support the load.
rack legs or support members are bent or disconnected, wait until
the rack is repaired to place the load.
sure the rack decking is in good condition.
you're stacking, the bottom pallets must be in good condition and
able to support the load.
the forklift in front of where you want to place the load.
raise the load to the required height.
forward slowly with the raised load.
Position the load for placement, and tilt it forward so that itís
the load squarely and straight.
the load settles, check behind you for pedestrians and other
traffic. Then back up slowly.
sure the forks clear the pallet before turning or lowering the
forks before moving again.
GO TO NEXT SECTION
Welcome to Forklift Safety Training
Section 1 |
Forklift Basics and Inspection
Section 2 |
Driving, Lifting, and Placing
Section 3 |
Trucks, Trailer, and Rail cars
Section 4 |
Parking & Refueling
Section 5 |
Special Units and Maintenance
Section 6 |